Russia remains a serious candidate for the enlargement, despite being regularly listed in Czech counterintelligence reports due to its espionage activities. Warning against Russian activities was also voiced at the end of September during the hearing of the Czech Senate’s security committee.
Furthermore, the former long-term head of Rosatom and current first deputy of the Russian presidential administration Sergey Kiriyenko is on the EU sanction list drawn up after the poisoning of Alexei Navalny. During Kiriyenko’s tenure at Rosatom, the Hungarian government concluded a disadvantageous contract with Rosatom for the Paks II project, which has turned into a symbol of how much the Russian state can use its agency Rosatom and its involvement in nuclear investment projects in order to influence political and economic factors outside of Russia. He also stated previously that Rosatom’s goal is to turn Czechia into an entry point from which Rosatom can subsequently gain access to other nuclear projects across Europe.
It is difficult to ascertain why the security and strategic dimension of enlarging the Dukovany nuclear site is threatened by the alleged market interests. But it is clear that such dynamics are more worrisome in the case of an authoritarian state’s involvement than with democratic ones, where private suppliers have greater independence from state control.