#67 - 12 February 2021

Infrastructure project seeks development project

Game over for EuropaCity...” and time for a “Zone to Defend” in the area of the Triangle de Gonesse? If the highly controversial commercial and leisure mega-complex project was abandoned in November 2019 and the developments of the Triangle de Gonesse has not been decided yet, activists set up a “Zone to Defend” there last weekend to prevent the construction of the metro tracks of line 17 of the Grand Paris Express planned for spring 2021.

This new “Zone to Defend” highlights three different issues: the first, of a general nature, is that it tends to be an exceptional mode of expression of opposition no longer; the second, directly related to the territory, is the real difficulty of having a clear vision for these 280 hectares at the heart of a strategic zone disputed by different actors whose projects seem irreconcilable. On the one hand, a project for the preservation of agricultural land renowned for its agronomic quality through the development of horticultural and market gardening activities is defended by the CARMA association, supported by the Collectif pour le Triangle de Gonesse; on the other hand, an economic development project to open up an area marked by high unemployment and a lack of investment is supported by local elected officials and the Île-de-France Region through the construction of a 110-hectare mixed-use development zone, made of a mix of industrial projects, urban agriculture and public facilities, and a station of the future metro line 17.

The third issue is the one raised by the transportation infrastructure itself. By opposing the construction of the metro tracks, the activists are opposing a project whose impact on the territory they are defending is unclear. In fact, the station project, whose opening has been postponed until 2027, remains to be determined according to the project that will be selected for the Triangle de Gonesse. However, their argument is these tracks will inevitably lead to the urbanization of agricultural land. Other stakeholders are also questioning the station project, such as the National Federation of Transport Users (Fédération nationale des usagers de transports or Fnaut). There is a real risk of building a station in the middle of nowhere, in a field,” explains Marc Pélissier, president of the Fnaut Ile-de-France in a letter sent to the French Prime Minister Jean Castex. The question has to be asked: does the abandonment of one of the (major) development projects it serves and the absence of an alternative project call into question the relevance of an entire metro line? What is thus revealed through these very different types of contestation is the link between infrastructure projects and development projects and their necessary articulation. – Sarah Cosatto, Research Officer, and Chloë Voisin-Bormuth, Director of Studies and Research

→ Read our alphabet (in French) on the conditions of debate and the implementation of major development and infrastructure projects on our website, featuring an entry about "Zones to Defend" (pp. 138-140).


No time to read? La Fabrique de la Cité has got you covered.

GUIDED AS AT IKEA – In order to find suitable spaces for the logistical challenge of mass vaccination, one of the strategies adopted consists in transforming disused airports, deserted shopping centres, car parks and stadiums to make patients’ journey as efficient and simple as a consumer's journey at IKEA, explains Albrecht Broemme, who oversees Berlin's six vaccination centres. – Chloë Voisin-Bormuth

TACKLING COMPLEXITY New York mayor's urban recovery plan focuses on creating public and green spaces in the neighborhoods that have been most affected by the pandemic – which also prove to be underserved neighborhoods. To reduce socio-spatial disparities, an integrated approach, which also takes the topic of mobilities into account, is essential because inequalities in the city represent “an increasingly complex issue, with many factors at play”. – Sarah Cosatto

SCENARIOS – Los Angeles wants to stop being seen as a city designed for and by the automobile. To reduce rush-hour traffic congestion, Metro, the Los Angeles region authority in charge of transportation is studying four options for an urban toll system which would be implemented in 2025. – Camille Combe, Project Manager

Related: our brief on congestion charge schemes published in our report on “Funding mobility in a post-carbon world”.

– The Metropolis network, the United Cities and Local Governments organization and the LSE Cities research group have carried out an analysis of the impact of the health crisis on cities, starting in mid-2020, to identify areas for improvement in the management of future emergencies. This work concluded that financial innovation will be crucial for cities, particularly to ensure long-term investments in infrastructures and services. – Sarah Cosatto

AIMING FOR 2030 The Singaporean government just unveiled its integrated Green Plan 2030 involving five ministries: “the aim is to get the whole nation together as it seeks to transition into a more sustainable future” while recovering from the pandemic. Around five pillars (City in Nature, Sustainable Living, Energy Reset, Green Economy and Resilient Future), the plan features low carbon mobilities and buildings, sustainable energy and tourism, an over 50% increase in nature park land. – Sarah Cosatto

→ Related: our publications on Singapore.

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