from the Chairperson of Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center

Warmest greetings from Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center,

Reaching the end of year 2018, we are excited to share some news from our various activities involving focus group discussions, a field research, as well as Indonesia’s cultural promotion abroad.

A joint research with Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) on reviewing energy issues in the manufacturing industry sector ended with two Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) in front of representatives from Bappenas, ERIA, Indonesian Ministries, State-Owned Enterprises, industry players and academics at the ERIA office and PYC office. Several policy recommendations have been formulated and a summary of FGDs outcomes can be read in our website.

We also had a chance to visit a biogas plant in Asy-Syafa’at ranch in Sawangan, Depok, with the team from Yayasan Rumah Energi. The discussion involved the utilization and development of biogas, especially for household demands. The aims for this visit is to identify preliminary issues surrounding biogas development, in particular to its capital cost, for further studies.

Our Center's founder, Prof. Purnomo Yusgiantoro, was invited to give a speech in "The Indonesia – the United States Maritime Conference" on late November 2018 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The conference was held to discuss the enhancement on maritime cooperation between Indonesia and the United States. The delegates hope that the conference will bring many benefits for both Indonesia and the United States.

In the academic corner, there are six articles written by our own researchers. Published articles covered broad topics in the energy sector from the history of energy security concept to how to manage a National Energy Company. We hope that the articles will provide alternative perspectives in some critical energy issues, especially in Indonesia.

PYC is also currently working on the “Indonesia Renewable Energy 2018 Booklet”. The booklet aims to provide the latest information on Indonesia’s renewable energy (RE) development, by covering Indonesia’s RE current development stage, Indonesia’s RE target, and identifies challenges in RE development. Data will be visualized in easy and understandable graphs for the readers. The Center hopes that the booklet will be a main source of information on Indonesia’s RE development and its potential.

The Center’s social initiative for this quarter is to promote Kolintang and Indonesia’s batik. The Center held a Kolintang show and Iwan Tirta Batik Showcase in Bangkok, Thailand. The event was a huge success on contributing to the Indonesia’s culture preservation.

Lastly, on behalf of Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center, we wish you a festive holiday season and a prosperous year ahead. May a new year bring new ENERGY for a better Indonesia!




Figure 1. Mr. Luluk Sumiarso (holding a pointer), as the PYC representative, gave a presentation on energy in manufacturing industry in the FGD held by Bappenas and ERIA.

On September 30, 2018, Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center (PYC) attended the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) in ERIA’s office with the theme of "Manufacturing Sector Review: Alternative Policy Strategy Sector to Ensure Competitive Manufacturing Energy Supply". The FGD was held by Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) together with The Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas). The objective of this FGD was to facilitate a thorough discussion about the manufacturing sector from the energy perspective. The FGD was attended by various stakeholders, including representatives from the Ministry of Industry, General Directorate of Electricity of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, PT PLN, PT Pupuk Indonesia, PT PGN, and the Indonesia Chamber of Commerce.

During this event, PYC, represented by Mr Luluk Sumiarso, presented a preliminary review on the manufacturing industry from the energy perspective.  In his presentation, he mentioned that the demand for energy would be concentrated on the Industrial Estate (KI), Special Economic Zone (KEK), and smelter. Additionally, he also stressed the importance of energy supply and price competitiveness to ensure industrial growth.

The FGD went interestingly with the stakeholders giving their perspectives on the topic. ERIA and Bappenas hoped that the result of the FGD could be used to formulate the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020 – 2024.


Figure 1. The panel session of the second PYC-ERIA Focus Group Discussion offered broad perspectives on energy issues in the manufacturing industry from respected speakers.

On October 31, 2018, Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center (PYC) and Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) held the second discussion on energy issues in the manufacturing industry sector to review the alternative policy for the manufacturing industry, especially in the natural gas and electricity sectors. The discussion covered a review on the research team's finding related to the policy implementation, both by Indonesia and other countries, related to the energy issue in the manufacturing industry. The output of the discussion was a policy recommendation to address the energy issues in the manufacturing industry.

Several experts were invited to discuss their experiences in the energy sector. Mr. Rahmat Sudibyo, the former Director General of Oil and Gas of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource (MEMR), addressed the recent issue of Oil and Gas Holding Company as a solution of the stall of gas infrastructure development. Talking on electricity aspects, Mr. Jarman Sudimo, the Former Director General of Electricity of the MEMR (KESDM), argued that the main concern for the industry is a competitive electricity price as it will affect the industry investment decision. From an industry perspective, Mr. Rauf Purnama, the Head of the Committee of Chemical and Petrochemical of the Chamber of Commerce (Kadin), explained that the government has the responsibility to meet the industry energy demand because the growth of country’s economy depends on its industrial growth. He also added that the coal gasification is a cleaner solution to utilize Indonesia’s coal abundant resource.


Figure 1. Prof. Purnomo Yusgiantoro as a speaker on maritime cooperation between Indonesia and US conference.

The Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Washington DC, collaborated with the East-West Center, held a conference in maritime cooperation between Indonesia and US at Honolulu, Hawaii, US, on November 30, 2018. The topic of the conference is “Developing Indonesia – the United States Maritime Cooperation: Opportunities and Challenges”. Prof. Purnomo Yusgiantoro (Founder of the Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center) became a keynote speaker at this conference. He presented the topic of “General Overview of Indonesia – US Maritime Policy: Indonesia’s Maritime Fulcrum”. The aims of this conference to strengthen the cooperation between Indonesia and US, especially in the maritime sector. Additionally, it also discussed about the concept of the Indo – Pacific.



Figure 1. Biogas and Bioslurry System.

The PYC research team visited a biogas plant, Asy-Syafa'at Ranch, on December 12, 2018. In 2004, the local government granted a biogas reactor to the Asy-Syafa'at Ranch and five other ranches around Depok. Since the Asy-Syafa'at ranch could accommodate around 60 cows, the government built large biogas storage with 12m3 capacity. Two tons of cow’s waste is needed to fill the biogas storage for the first attempt. It is essential to keep at least ten cows in the ranch to fill biogas storage with 75 kg cow’s waste daily so that the storage would stay in the maximum capacity. Then, the biogas was distributed by PVC pipeline to the stove location and could reach up to 200 meters in one stove usage. Another distribution method is to use the storage balloon or tire inner tube to keep the biogas inside so that it could be carried around. 

Another product of the biogas process is the bioslurry. The waste in the biogas storage would react through anaerobic digestion and produce methane (CH4) gas and sludge. The methane gas or the biogas is then distributed along the pipeline as the cooking fuel while the sludge which called bioslurry could be used as the fertiliser. The bioslurry contains nutrients which benefit the plants and proven to affect the plant growth better than the unprocessed animal waste fertiliser.

The ranch workers admitted that the biogas had brought great benefits to the ranch. Since biogas could substitute LPG as a cooking fuel, they no longer care about the LPG high price and its availability. Also, the bioslurry can be sold and make additional income for the ranch. Furthermore, the workers stated that the initial cost required to build a biogas plant is worth with all the benefits. They even recommended every ranch to build one.






Figure 1. Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center and Jaya Suprana School of Performing Arts in Pagelaran Kesenian Nusantara (Performing Arts of Nusantara)

Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center (PYC) and Jaya Suprana School of Performing Arts supported Pagelaran Kesenian Nusantara (Performing Arts of Nusantara) event held by the Indonesia Embassy in Bangkok. The event was held in KBRI Bangkok Sports Building on Saturday, December 15, 2018. The exhibition was attended by 550 people and held for around 2 hours full of diffused traditional-modern music and arts. Each attendance was given a batik pouch from PYC and a traditional Nusa Tenggara Barat scarf from Jaya Suprana School of Performing Arts.

The event started with all singing both Indonesia and Thailand National Anthem, accompanied by a Kolintang group from Persatuan Istri Pegawai Bank Indonesia (PIPEBI). The next session was a welcoming greeting from the Indonesian Ambassador for Thailand, His Excellency Ahmad Rusdi. In his speech, he highlighted the importance of the performance for introducing the exquisite of Indonesia cultures and arts to the local and international people in Thailand. He added that the performance aimed to invigorate the Indonesian people’s love towards Indonesia culture, especially for the young generation. The Iwan Tirta fashion show was presented by PYC representatives, led by Indonesia's senior model, Mrs. Enny Sukamto, showcasing Iwan Tirta Private Collection dress, fabric, and shawl. The fashion show also involved Mrs. Sarita Thayeb and KBRI Bangkok staffs. The performance ended by songs from Armonia choir group, led by Mr. Bruno Wibowo.




PYC Indonesia Renewable Energy Booklet 2018 is an annual publication on data relating to renewable energy in Indonesia. This booklet provides the history of Indonesia’s renewable energy policies, the current situation, potential and challenges of renewable energy in Indonesia. For the first publication, data are compiled up to the first quarter of 2018 and obtained from various sources, including the Indonesia Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, IRENA, and World Bank. Some of the data in this booklet have been processed by the PYC team so that it can enrich references for analysis in the renewable energy sector. To make the book easy to read, data are presented attractively in infographics.

The first booklet will be published at the end of December 2018.



The following opinions have been gathered to enrich and share knowledge on some current issues in the energy sector:

1. "The Potential Cooperation in Renewable Energy between Indonesia and Australia” by Filda Yusgiantoro
2. "Learning from Venezuela: How to Manage National Oil Company (NOC)” b
y Massita Ayu Cindy

3. "A Brief Review on Indonesia's National Energy Policy” by Rahmantara Trichandi

4. "Power Wheeling and Clean Energy Development” by Diwangkara Bagus Nugraha

5. "The Importance of Energy Security Concept” by Akhmad Hanan

6. "Indonesian Energy Efficiency Current Situation" by Anggun Alfina Zakia



“JOIN US IN 2019"

If you are interested in joining our Center, send your letter of interest, CV and other related documents to hrd@purnomoyusgiantorocenter.org

Please indicate also in the subject of your email which Department you would like to join: 

Research & Development Dept. / Library & Data Resources Dept. / Promotion & Event Dept. / Office & Administration Dept. / Finance & Accounting Dept. 

Only short-listed candidates will be notified.



Indonesian Journal of Energy (IJE) is a bi-annual journal publication, publishes every February and August. The IJE covers research with a strong focus on energy economics, energy analysis, energy modeling, and prediction, integrated energy systems, energy planning, and energy management. It also welcomes paper on related topics such as energy conservation, energy efficiency, energy innovation, energy technology, biomass and bioenergy, renewable energy, electricity supply and demand, energy storage, energy in buildings, energy finance, energy law and economic and policy issues. Besides that, it also provides topics which are within the context of the broader multi-disciplinary scope of energy.

The second issue of IJE Vol.1, No.2 (2018) has been published and available online through the website.

IJE welcomes original research papers for its next issue. Please visit IJE website for more on submissions guideline.



The Center's activities in 2018 are summarized into The Kaleidoscope 2018, as presented below. We hope that our activities have contributed greatly to the energy and natural resources sector, as well as our social initiatives in health and Indonesia's cultural preservation.


The Management and Staffs of Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center would like to wish you 

a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2019. 

May this year will bring all of us a fresh start for wonderful moments ahead.

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Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center
Jalan Wijaya IX No. 12, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta, 12160, Indonesia
Phone: +62 21 720 3917
Fax: +62 21 22 77 5786
Email: pyc@purnomoyusgiantorocenter.org 

Website: www.purnomoyusgiantorocenter.org | www.ije-pyc.org