In the Old Town of Vilnius, on the corner of Rūdininkai Square, stands a gentleman in a straw hat with pleasant-looking eyes. This is Dr Tsemakh Shabad, a kind-hearted physician, who cared for even the poorest patients and their pets. He was a famous early 20th-century public figure, and the person who introduced hygiene to Vilnius.
There was already a modern Jewish hospital in Vilnius in the late 19th and early 20th century when Dr Shabad began his work. It had pediatric and gynaecological departments, a maternity ward, an operating theatre, and departments for infectious diseases, gastroenterology, diseases of the eye, and psychiatry.