“I am your pelvic floor. I realize you have so much to think about and plan but I need you to give me a little bit of your time and attention. I am important to you. If I stop working properly you will pass urine or perhaps even faeces when you’re not on the toilet. You will pass wind when you don’t intend to. Yes, I hope that gets your attention! If I’m working well I have a good effect on sexual function and pleasure
In every pregnancy, a woman starts out with a 3-5% chance of having a baby with a birth defect. This is called her background risk. This sheet talks about whether exposure to depression may increase the risk for birth defects over that background risk. This information should not take the place of medical care and advice from your health care provider.
What is depression and how common is it in pregnancy?
So let’s dive into the evidence on birthing positions. As you’re listening to this, think about what position you would like to be in if you were giving birth to a baby sometime soon. Most movies and television series depict people as giving birth lying on their back or semi-sitting in bed. But many people have given the choice instinctively choose a more upright position for birthing their babies, such as kneeling, squatting, or hands and knees. So upright birthing positions include standing or squatting, often you’re being supported by a partner or a prop, kneeling, using hands and knees.
In 1961, the American Academy of Pediatrics began recommending all newborns receive a vitamin K injection as part of routine newborn care. The recommendation was made after review of research which confirmed the administration of vitamin K as an effective preventative treatment for Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding (VKDB).
Historically, in 1894 Dr. Townsend of Boston first described 50 cases of bleeding in newborns which he called “Haemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn (HDN).” Then, in 1930, a Danish biochemist, Carl Peter Henrik Dam, discovered that Vitamin K deficiency was the cause of unexpected bleeding in baby chicks, for which he won a Nobel Prize. In 1944 Jorge Lehmann, a Swedish researcher studied 13,000 infants who were given 0.5 mg of Vitamin K (either oral or injection) on the first day of life. The published research confirmed that infants who received Vitamin K experienced a 5-fold reduction in the risk of bleeding to death during the first week of life. It was estimated that for every 100,000 full-term infants, Vitamin K would save the lives of 160 infants per year (Lehmann 1944).
QUICK SUMMARY: New research from Iran shows that educating fathers of newborns about the “benefits of breast milk” and how to support mothers to breastfeed not only improves mothers’ breastfeeding practice, but also increases the rate and continuity of exclusive breastfeeding.
Most new mothers plan to breastfeed their babies and, according to the South African Demographic and Health Survey of 1998, approximately 88% of mothers initiated breastfeeding at birth. However, only 10% of babies were breastfed exclusively in the first three months of life, with less than 8% reaching the 6 month mark. This makes South Africa one of the countries with the lowest breastfeeding rates in the world.
Increasingly research is showing that the birth option a woman chooses and the way births are conducted influence breastfeeding. Many women don’t realise this; in fact, many do not prepare for breastfeeding at all, assuming that it is something that will come naturally. Let’s take a closer look at what this means in practice.
There is more and more research suggesting the powerful affect of mindfulness practice on cognitive and emotional coping.
Mindfulness practices encourage people to use their senses and brains attention to focus on the here and now.
These practices are effective in slowing down our cognitive, emotional and behavioural reactions in different situations. This can be especially useful in stressful and demanding situations, where making clear choices is often far more effective than making impulsive or rushed decisions.
Your parenting style can affect everything from how much your child weighs to how she feels about herself. It's important to ensure your parenting style is supporting healthy growth and development because the way you interact with your child and how you discipline her will influence her for the rest of her life. Researchers have identified four types of parenting styles
New information from a CDC-led research
study was published online in their Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
(MMWR). While previous studies have demonstrated that protective antibodies
pass from people vaccinated in pregnancy to their babies, this important
research is the first to look at whether these antibodies could actually
prevent illness in babies.